Neopolis is close to the center of Kusadasi, behind the Pigeon Island. Kadinlar Denizi minibuses pass through Neopolis in every 3 minutes. Ancient Neopolis stands as the second peninsula, little further to the Pigeon Island.The site was controlled by the Ionians and was functioning for controlling the trade between the cities. Neopolis was also reputed for the first inhabited area of Kusadasi. By the long years, earthquakes have disturbed the land causing the ancient site to sink under the clear waters of Kusadasi, creating a sunken city. Today, only a few remain can be noticed in the area. Ceramic pieces, wall remnants, clay and glassware pots dating back to the Roman and Byzantine periods have been revealed from Neopolis and are displayed in the Ephesus Museum.
Neapolis, which used to be owned by the people of Ephesus, but which, after an agreement with the people of Samos, was exchanged with Marathesion because it was nearer. Further on, there is the small town of Pygela, which was founded by Agamemnon. e had stationed some of his soldiers in this town than the name Pygela comes from an illness which caused Agamemnon’s men to suffer boils on their backsides. “Pygela” means backside in Greek.”